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1 June 2019

Peter Newbold Live on The Country - Rural Real Estate June 2019

Peter Newbold says he has noticed some "interesting" developments in the burgeoning forestry market over the last "six to eight weeks" as more sheep and beef land is considered for conversion to trees.

The GM of PGG Wrightson Real Estate told The Country's Jamie Mackay that interest is growing in a specific type of land.

"The interesting thing at the moment is that the quality they're looking for is up on the past ... location becomes important, access to ports, rainfall, all those things".

Definitely what they're doing is they're honing in on better quality land and they're prepared to pay more money that they were traditionally."

Newbold warned that this trend may have an unfavourable outcome for pastoral farming.

"You've got to be careful in this space that it doesn't gain too much momentum because we're going to lose a lot of good pasture."

Also in today's interview: Newbold takes his month look at the rural property market which sees horticulture performing strongly and interest in grazing properties leading to positivity in the sheep and beef sector. It's a different story for dairy however, with M. bovis continuing to cause buyer caution.

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Healthy ewes make for healthy lambs

01 June 2019

The muster prior to lambing is the last opportunity to influence ewe health, milk production and lambing performance. Feed levels and condition score are set, so what else can you do to maximise your return at weaning?

Knowing whether ewes are carrying singles or multiples enables accurate feed allocation. It also allows pre-lamb treatments to be tailored to the ewes that need them. Those with poor condition (body condition score of less than 2.5), lambing hoggets or carrying multiples may benefit from longer worm protection. 

Using a long acting, broad spectrum drench such as Cydectin® Long Acting Injection for sheep helps protect against Teladorsagia (Ostertagia) circumcincta for 112 days, Haemonchus contortus for 91 days and Trichostrongylus colubriformis for 42 days. A 2017 New Zealand trial comparing long acting treatments found that poor conditioned ewes treated with Cydectin Long Acting were on average 3.2 kg heavier at weaning than untreated ewes, and their lambs weaned 2.6 kg heavier¹. Other New Zealand trials have demonstrated the negative effects parasites have on ewe milk production and the subsequent impact on lamb growth rates2,3.

For ewes that don’t need the length of action offered by Cydectin Long Acting, Eweguard® is a medium-acting product that provides at least 35 days protection against Teladorsagia (Ostertagia) circumcincta and seven days against Trichostrongylus colubriformis. Conveniently, it is also a 5-in-1 clostridial vaccine, plus prevents cheesy gland (caseous lymphadenitis) and is available with or without selenium. New Zealand studies have shown Eweguard treated ewes have less dagsā“.

All sheep, including rams, should get a clostridial vaccination annually. For ewes, this protects them while on crops, in muddy paddocks and when giving birth. It also allows them to pass on protection to their lambs via the colostrum when they start to feed suckle, maximising their survival. 

Ewes should be vaccinated three to four weeks pre-lamb, and their lambs should receive their first vaccination at tailing followed by a booster at weaning. Weaning is often a time of high risk of death from pulpy kidney disease, so vaccination of the lambs is important to increase the chance of survival. 

Your local PGG Wrightson Technical Field Representative can offer more information on the treatments you can add to your pre-lamb management to get a bumper crop of healthy, fast growing lambs this spring.

Supplied by Zoetis New Zealand


Pre-lamb vaccination matters

05 June 2019

Clostridial bacteria are everywhere, including on your farm and in your animals.

Lambs are born with a low number of antibodies and rely on  antibodies in the ewe’s colostrum for protection against clostridial diseases including pulpy kidney and tetanus. In most cases, it is difficult to ensure that every newborn lamb gets sufficient amounts of fresh colostrum within the first few hours of life. So, your goal becomes maximising the concentration of antibodies in this colostrum, something you can control with a good pre-lamb vaccination programme.

The gut of the newborn lamb is best at absorbing these antibodies within the first 6 to 12 hours of life. Ideally lambs should get 50 mls per kilogram of liveweight of colostrum within the first two hours of birth, and another 200 mls per kilogram of liveweight in the next 12 to 18 hours¹. For an average four kilogram lamb, this equates to 1 L of colostrum within the first day of life and as early as possible after birth.

There are three aspects to getting your pre-lamb programme right:

  1. Timing: It is about stimulating the ewe at the right time so her antibody levels peak when she is forming her colostrum. Ideally this is about two weeks ahead of lambing, but different farms have  different management systems and lambing spread varies, so the flexibility to vaccinate earlier can be important.  Remember, not every ewe lambs on the first day of lambing. 
  2. Vaccine: The choice of vaccine used can influence how many antibodies are available to go into the ewe’s colostrum. How much is sufficient can vary depending on whether the ewe has one, two or three lambs suckling, and how much disease challenge a lamb may face. Immediately after birth, the udder only contains 1 to 1.5 L of colostrum, so if this is shared by twins or triplets the volume is divided and there are fewer antibodies(and a lower volume) present for each lamb to drink. 
  3. General wellbeing: Ewes that are in poor condition, parasitised or under severe feed stress at the time of vaccinationdo not have the energy to form many antibodies or enough quality colostrum. Making sure ewes are in good condition over the late pregnancy period is  directly linked to the success of your pre-lamb programme. 

If your flock has a higher number of multiple bearing ewes, or you vaccinate earlier (for example, to reduce the likelihood of sleepy sickness), or you want longer protection of lambs (up to fourmonths) to reduce losses through until weaning, then NILVAX® would be a preferable choice for your farm. NILVAX is the specialist pre-lamb vaccine, formulated with a powerful 5-in-1 plus an immune booster. 

If it is convenient to vaccinate the flock two weeks ahead of lambing, and you have a large number of single bearing ewes, then a pre-lamb 5-in-1 vaccine like MULTINE® or MULTINE B12® is suitable. It gives a good antibody response, and when used closerto lambing (two to four weeks), provides protection for the lambsfor up to three months. For advice planning your pre-lamb programme, contact  yourlocal PGG Wrightson Technical Field Representative. 


¹S.Peterson et al. Grazing behaviour and milk available for twins and triplets, NZ Society of Animal Production, 2006

June Wool Market Report - Strong Wool Showing Positive Signals

06 June 2019

Good coloured crossbred wools of all types are meeting with positive demand especially finer adult types, hogget and lambs’ wool. The crossbred wool market for these types seems to have finally bottomed out to usher in a recovery, albeit a slow one.

Through the coming months the new season’s wool should continue to be well received by buyers.

However, a significant quantity of discoloured wool continues to come forward for sale either new wools subject to humid colouring conditions or old stocks that have been held back from sale for some time. Wools held in storage for a degree of time will tend to decline in colour readings hence become more discoloured. The poorer the colour at shearing time the greater the propensity for increased colouring when held in the bale. Prices for these types have declined and these wools especially the worst coloured ones are proving extremely challenging to meet any degree of demand.

Meanwhile, in the fine wool sector, prices for Australian wool after easing through early May have recovered a large degree of these previous price declines. New Zealand fine wool is off season at present and based on excellent growing conditions, the quality of New Zealand’s fine wool clip this year should again be outstanding. Therefore, when they do go back to market, from July, fine wool growers, of both merino and halfbred, should again find their clip well sought after.

Grant Edwards, 
General Manager
PGG Wrightson Wool

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